(MADRID)
Director Estudio – Álvaro Fernández
alvaro@monochrome.es
+34 645 801 266

(MÁLAGA)
Director Estudio – Sergio Sañudo
sergio@monochrome.es
+34 676 901 959

Habitable temporality

PlaceALMENDRALEJO

Surface40000 M2

Date2021

StatusContest

Winning project for the Europan 16 - Living Cities in Almendralejo. This municipality located in Extremadura, Spain has a migrant population that during the fruit-picking months, can oscillates between 7,000 and 9,000. With the aim of creating bonds between locals and seasonal workers, a complex in poor condition will be refurbished. Located in the slum of San José, the Marquis’s Apartments, as they are called, are 160 social-housing units distributed in 18 blocks.

We approach the temporary workers situation through an architectural perspective. The project proposes the full refurbishment of a neighbourhood in bad conditions, it is based in the recycling of the existing, rather than start over. Basically we will improve the existing sanitary building conditions adding extra open spaces in façade and creating new common spaces

The project is proposed from a citizen participation, with a whole scale negotiation including all the stakeholders, from neighbours, migrants, the city council, Landlords and social agencies
The main of the projects is not only architectural, but social

The proposal is based in 2 main actions
1) ARCHITECTURE: The existing building blocks need to add more public spaces, integrated within the buildings, since the urban full
2) URBAN: Across actions in the traffic, creating more open spaces, green corridos to escalate down the traffic and organise the interior circulation in the neighbourhood. Also we add some new character to the whole area, adding landmarks created by modern chimneys as connection with industrial past of the San José neighbourhood

The architecture proposal is follows 4 key points
1) OPEN GROUND FLOORS
removing all the poor condition housing located in the ground floors, we add retail areas, green corridors and public facilities to increase the urban space in the street level
2) IMPROVING ACCESIBILITY
Adding lifts and ramps into the existing buildings, we increase the accessibility to the building and to the city areas
3) ADDING EXTERNAL STRUCTURES TO THE EXISTING BUILDINGS
The target is to create terraces around the existing buildings, like a second skin that will work as a nursery around the buildings, it create a new look for the buildings and improve the environmental conditions, it changes drastically building design and conditions
4) ROOF TOPS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL INCREASE
Changing existing slope roofs into flat slabs, we will create common spaces into each building that will create new areas for neighbours activities such framing, workout, hang out washing, also we will create a new platform with pergolas and plants to make more attractive those spaces and improve the environmental respond of the buildings

One of the keys of the project is the human factor, the whole intervention needs to keep the existing live of the neighbourhood. The project therefore is proposed in phases, starting with the façades actions and the refurbishments of the empty apartments, ideally the citizens will move between different apartments completed until the whole interior interventions is done. Always aligned with the increase of people due to the temporary work agenda

The façade proposal, keep the existing character of the neighbourhood, very industrial past heritage. We kept this idea by creating locksmith and ceramic solutions for the new façade adding structures. Always aligned with the existing environmental and weather conditions of Almendralejo